One of the best known open source software is the linux based operating system. The indented, italicized sections below appear as annotations to the open source definition osd and are not a part of the osd. Definition of opensource software in the dictionary. It is available in source code form without charge or at cost. A program whose source code can be modified or enhanced by anyone. Participating in an oss project can be a pathway to building a career in software development, allowing programmers to hone their skills by working on the biggest software programs in the world. They offer a very detailed and legal definition of open source software. This means that users can modify software to suit their needs. Open source is a philosophy that promotes the free access and distribution of an end product, usually software or a program, although it may extend to the implementation and design of other objects. A plain version of the osd without annotations can be found here. It is available in source code form without additional cost, meaning users can. The open source initiative, launched as a steward organization for the open source software movement in 1998, established and published the open source definition, a guideline outlining the criteria with which software distribution terms must comply in order to be classified as open source software. Open source, social movement, begun by computer programmers, that rejects secrecy and centralized control of creative work in favour of decentralization, transparency, and. Software that is distributed with its source code so that end user organizations and vendors can modify it for their own purposes.
Opensource software oss is software that is distributed with source code that may be read or modified by users. Open source software is computer software that has a source. Opensource definition of opensource by merriamwebster. Open source software and movement flashcards quizlet. The distribution terms of open source software must comply with the following criteria. There are many different ones, but the main ones are the fsf and gpl, both of which designate programs that are made available to users in their entirety that means including the source code that the software. What is open source software, and why does it matter. Software that is available free of charge with its source code for modification and redistribution, such as the linux operating system. It is an explicit feature of open source that it puts very few restrictions on the use or distribution by any organization or user, in order.
It most commonly refers to the open source model, in which open source software or other products are released under an open source license as part of the open source software movement. Open source software is released through a specific kind of license that makes. Approaching all aspects of life the open source way means expressing a willingness to share. Find out what open source software is and how it works. Open source doesnt just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of opensource software must comply with the following criteria. Open source software oss is software distributed under a license that meets certain criteria. Source code is the part of software that most computer users dont ever see. Information and translations of open source software in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions. The booklet also contains a reference list of some of the most commonly used open source software. Open source software is software with source code that anyone can inspect, modify, and enhance. Open source initiative osi, a 501c3 californiabased nonprofit, approves opensource s. Most open source licenses allow the software to be. Opensource meaning in the cambridge english dictionary.
It costs nothing and provides the source code so that anyone can modify the software for their own purposes. Open source grants users of an application permission to fix broken links, enhance the. Open source definition and meaning collins english. Under perens definition, open source is a broad software license that makes source code available to the general public with relaxed or nonexistent restrictions on the use and modification of the code. Opensource software is free to use, and the original program can be changed by anyone.
This is software where the source code is made publicly available. The open source definition annotated open source initiative. Use of the term originated with software, but has expanded beyond the software sector to cover other. It also means that anyone can have a part in the development of software. Open source advocates wanted to focus on the practical benefits of using open source software that would appeal more to businesses, rather than ethics and morals. Open source software definition of open source software. Open source products include permission to use the source code, design documents, or content of the product. Open source sprouted in the technological community as a response to proprietary software owned by corporations. The difference in the terms is where they place the emphasis. Open source is a philosophy that promotes the free access and distribution of an end product, usually software or a program, although it may extend to the implementation and design of.
Opensource definition is having the source code freely available for possible modification and redistribution. Find out inside pcmags comprehensive tech and computerrelated encyclopedia. Opensource software oss is any computer software thats distributed with its source code available for modification. Open source software synonyms, open source software pronunciation, open source software translation, english dictionary definition of open source software. The oss community generally agrees that opensource software should. Open source does not mean free, and often includes restrictions on the resale of the software. The most widely accepted definition for open source software comes from the open source initiative osi. Open source material is computer programming code or software that anyone is allowed to. The definition of open source software was written to be almost identical to the free software definition. Today it powers everything from cell phones to stock exchanges, set top boxes to supercomputers. Open source software is any kind of program where the developer behind it chooses to release the source code for free. All the rights and responsibilities involved in open source software are established by the licenses under which the software is distributed.
Open source definition, pertaining to or denoting software whose source code is available free of charge to the public to use, copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute. Opensource software synonyms, opensource software pronunciation, opensource software translation, english dictionary definition of opensource. Open source software oss gives users the right to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software without having to ask permission from, or make payments to, any external group or person the mitre corporation, 2003. Developers of software that is intended to be freely shared and possibly improved and redistributed by others can use the open source trademark if their distribution terms conform to the osis open source definition. The open source software movement was created to focus on more pragmatic reasons for choosing this type of software. The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the software as a component of an aggregate software distribution containing programs from several different sources. The opposite of proprietary software, oss or open source software is software that is published under a certain license. The term open source gained traction with the growth of the internet because of the need to rework massive amounts of program source code. Opensource software is an alternative to proprietary software. Open source software is that by which the source code or the base code is usually available for modification or enhancement by anyone for reusability and accessibility. Open source is a term that refers to open source software oss.530 594 2 641 225 983 226 150 1492 1353 1303 1208 1043 43 48 219 477 907 825 1233 1204 826 130 493 141 1102 1240 573 728 1493 455 222 503 1316 408 252 788 1186 107 109 1222 997 1176 471